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Alternatives After Class 12


Career options after 12thHave you appeared for your class 12th exams and are waiting for the results? It is now time for you to make a decision about your career. A concrete plan about your future needs to be drawn at this juncture, which will in turn determine the course of your professional life.

Stiff competition and plenty of options can often leave students confused and discouraged. To weed out the thorns of confusion, you first need to analyze your interests, hobbies, inclination, potentiality and opportunities. It is often said that if you choose your career based on your interest and hobby, the success rate as well as satisfaction level will be very high. If you do what you love, you will never need to "work" a single day in your life. Do not choose courses after 12th -under the influence of friends or parents. Give priority to your potential and interest. It should be the sole criteria for selecting a career.
Choose your career on the basis of the following aspects:

•    Area of interest
•    Personality
•    Aptitude
•    Assess your strength and weakness
•    Skills
•    Possibility and Opportunities
•    Capability
•    Feasibility and guidance
•    Nature of work
•    Financial aid and scholarship

In the coming years, a majority (85%) of the jobs will require people with some education and training. So it is advisable that you go for specialized education rather than sticking to just basic degrees. A little training or practical education would be a shot in the arm.

Here are a few popular professional courses after 12th you may seek:

Management Stream

Jobs in management are highly sought after because they are rewarding and fulfilling in the long run. People who put in the required effort are likely to see growth and success considerably sooner. That combined with recognition and a handsome salary make the management stream a hot career choice for young individuals across the country.

After class 12, students can opt for management courses at bachelor level such as Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA), Bachelor of Business Studies (BBS), Bachelor of Business Studies (BBS) and Bachelor of Financial and Investment Analysis (BFIA).

The fields of work involved cover a wide range of skills and requirements, so every aspirant can hope to find a place to fit into. These fields include HR, Finance, Operations, Marketing, and Information Systems. Under these broad categories, we can also speak of:
  • International Management – cross-border business dealings
  • Operations Research – the application of mathematical theory to solving production issues
  • Technology Marketing – covers ongoing developments in every field
  • Management Consultancy – streamlining and optimizing management practices
  • Public System Management – NGOs, cooperatives and public enterprises
  • Hospital Management – streamlining health administration
  • Hotel Management – hospitality administration
  • Rural Management – applying management principles at rural interfaces to promote rural development
  • Forest management – ensuring sustainable forest projects
  • Disaster Management – development, training and execution of policies relating to mitigation and rehabilitation in case of calamity
  • Leisure/Event Management – ensuring smooth execution of short term projects/events

Computers & IT stream

Of late, computers have become an integral part of our daily lives. From schools to workplaces, they have claimed a dominant position because of their many useful functions. Computers allow people with disabilities to lead a normal life and enable them to work from home.

So if the field of computers and information technology interests you, then you can opt for computers as your career destination after your 12th class. There are a lot of career options in this field ranging from data entry operator to software engineer, from web designing to web developing and so on.

Several professional undergraduate and postgraduate courses are offered in computers and IT by noted institutions as well as other private institutes across the country.

Engineering stream

Engineering is one of the most preferred career options after 10+2. Most of the students with a 10+2 degree with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics opt for engineering as their career option.The field combines math, science and creativity to either solve problems or develop products.

So if you have already decided to go for engineering, you need to have a good command over mathematics, physics and chemistry as these are the prerequisites to get into a good engineering college. Apart from that you need to secure 60% marks in 10+2 to get into the elite IITs. But if you have not secured 60% marks in intermediate examination, then you need not to worry because we have several options other than IITs.

Students need to qualify engineering entrance exams like JEE Main, JEE Advanced and other state level engineering exams to get admission into B.Tech, B.E, B.Arch courses which are offered by various noted engineering colleges.

Medical stream

If you had Physics, Chemistry and Biology in class XII then you can consider a career in medicine and related fields.

Considered to be a noble profession, a lot of students aspire to become a doctor after 10+2. So, if you have decided to get into a medical college you need to appear for an entrance exam conducted by several regulatory bodies including CBSE. Starting in 2013, the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test for Under Graduate courses (NEET-UG) will be conducted at an all India level aims to relieve the need of students to appear in multiple tests and promote merit in admission process. NEET UG will allow class XII students to sit in a single entrance examination to get admission to the MBBS course in almost all medical colleges in India, including private medical colleges.

Medical entrance examinations are also conducted by noted medical colleges like All Indian Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) for admission to their MBBS courses.

If not MBBS, there are various other options available for you such as Dentistry, Pharmacy, Ayurveda, Veterinary Science, Homeopathy and other allied branches of medical science.

Distance & Online Education

With changing times, regular colleges are no longer the only option to pursue higher studies. A student can opt for various courses through correspondence as well as Distance Education.

There are a few important aspects, which should be considered before starting the expedition for further studies.
  • If you want to enhance your educational or professional skills but cannot devote full time to it
  • If you are working, and want to study side by side
  • If you want to do additional/ full time courses along with your studies
  •  Do you want to seek experience along with your studies?
  •  Do you need an immediate job along with your studies due to some family crisis?
If any of the above mentioned questions have an affirmative reply but do not know what to do then Distance education is all what you need.

Vocational Courses

The changing face of technology has increased the demand of specialization in education. Vocational Education training (VET) institutes impart specialized and practical knowledge to students and help them become independent and successful in life. Vocational education training institutes impart graduation and post graduation courses to students.

The best part of the institute is that working students can join the course, and even select the timings as per their convenience. The vocational institutes allow the students to study online and attend either evening or morning classes. Moreover, financial aid is provided to students who are economically weak. Paying for education can be unaffordable for many, especially with skyrocketing primary education fees. Vocational education is their best alternative. There was a time when parents had reservations about vocational education programs. This attitude is changing now.

The faculties of these Vocational education training institutes are highly experienced. They impart practical knowledge to their students. As a result the students are able to have real life and practical industry experience through internships with stipend – all of which can motivate excellence.

Every state has vocational institutes where the residents of the place can earn the degrees and become part of a specialized workforce. The vocational courses offered can range from culinary arts, bar tending, becoming a massage expert, cooking to graphic designing, pottery, dyeing, nursing, business administration, restaurant, management. Majority of these training institutes work as per the rules and regulations of the state education department, which grants these institutes official recognition.

(Also read: Why vocational education is the need of the hour in India)

Open Schooling

National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) is one of the largest Open Schooling systems in the world, with approximately 1,500, 000 students on its roll. The programme is imparted at three levels:


OBE level A: equivalent to class I-III
OBE level B: equivalent to class IV-V
OBE level C: equivalent to class VI-VIII

For details on Open Schooling, click here

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