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Prospective students: biomedical engineering education and careers

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Engineering has many subfields including civil, mechanical and electrical. Biomedical engineering is another important subfield combining biology and medicine with the technology of engineering. Professionals in this field develop and research applied technologies such as prosthetics, drugs and medical equipment. The national Biomedical Engineering Society of India publishes a frequent newsletter on current research.

A career in biomedical engineering could lead you to conduct research that benefits patient health and well-being, doctors and the medical industry. Examples of recent research advances in the field include detecting viruses through biosensors and diagnosing brain diseases through Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). Developing new modalities to deal with diagnosis is only one specialisation, professionals can also be involved in research and development of new medical technologies for surgery, rehabilitation and pharmaceuticals.

Biomedical engineering education

For the undergraduate degree, eligibility for admission includes passing 10+2 and exams in science subjects including chemistry, biology and maths. If you are interested in gaining admission to an Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT), you are likely to have to take a qualifying entrance exam. Degree programmes in biomedical engineering include:



  • Bachelor of Engineering (B.E.) Biomedical Engineering
  • Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) Biomedical Engineering
  • Master of Engineering (M.E.) Biomedical Engineering
  • Master of Technology (M.Tech.) Biomedical Engineering

Bachelor's degrees typically take four years to complete, although students can take more or less time depending on motivation, courseload, and other factors. Similar majors include medical technology and medical engineering. In order to enter the field, you could alternatively earn a bachelor's degree in another area of engineering and then earn a postgraduate degree in biomedical engineering. Postgraduate degrees in biomedical engineering are usually two years in length, but the time can vary.

Courses in biomedical engineering include:

  • Genetic engineering
  • Bio-materials
  • Tissue and cellular engineering
  • Bio-mechanics
  • Medical imaging
  • Mathematics

These are just a few important classes for the bachelor's degree programme. Courses usually include classes on various important sub-fields of engineering. At the end of your degree or during a postgraduate programme, you may have the opportunity to specialise according to your interest.

Biomedical engineering careers

Biomedical engineers have an important role in developing and applying medical care technologies, working in research companies, universities, hospitals, and manufacturing. Specific careers in biomedical engineering might entail positions such as:

  • Professor
  • Biomaterials engineer
  • Biomechanics engineer
  • Research scientist

Other areas within the field include clinical engineering, medical engineering and bioinstrumentation. From research and development to applying technologies in a medical practice, a potential career in biomedical engineering could be rewarding and exciting. Consider how an education in the field help prepare you to foster advances in medical technology. A variety of educational paths can bring you to an interesting interdisciplinary career in biomedical engineering.



About Iris Yellum

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