Develop infrastructure with a degree in civil engineering
If you have the desire to develop critical aspects of India's infrastructure, consider civil engineering. India has a great need for civil engineers to improve and maintain infrastructure. The Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors estimated that in 2010 India required almost 40 lakh civil engineers, but had only approximately 5,00,000. Power grids and roads must be managed adequately by these professionals to support future growth.
Civil engineers contribute to improving quality of life by designing, constructing, analysing and maintaining a variety of facilities and buildings. Addressing issues such as clean drinking water, energy conservation, traffic and pollution, civil engineers provide essential services to the public.
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Education in civil engineering
Programmes in civil engineering vary; the most basic degree is the diploma in civil engineering, which typically takes three years to complete -- depending on class scheduling and student abilities. The four-year B. Tech (Bachelor of Technology) or B.E. (Bachelor of Engineering) in Civil Engineering are other options that could potentially lead to a career in the civil engineering field.
Typical core courses in the B. Tech or B.E. in Civil Engineering may include maths, engineering mechanics, physics and computer science. Additional courses specific to the field could include environmental engineering, structural analysis, surveying and hydraulics.
Advanced degrees include the M. Tech (Master of Technology) or M.E. (Master of Engineering) in civil engineering, which could provide you with wider job opportunities. For instance, if you are interested in becoming a chief engineer, the M. Tech is generally required. These programmes can help you develop the skills necessary to become a qualified engineer.
Civil engineering careers
A few notable specialisations available in civil engineering include the following:
- Water resources
This variety of sub-fields gives you the opportunity to specialise your work according to your interest. Working in teams is an important aspect of a civil engineer's job, as is the plan and design of projects. While high quality skills in engineering are a requirement, administrative and supervisory skills are also necessary to being successful as a civil engineer. Competency in maths is additionally an important aspect of being eligible for civil engineering positions.
You must take the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) Engineering Service Examination, also known as the Indian Engineering Services (IES) Exam, to qualify as a candidate for certain posts and services such as:
- Indian Defence Service of Engineers
- Indian Railway Service of Engineers
- Central Water Engineering
Other types of jobs for civil engineers include:
- Teaching (government or private sector)
The high growth that is expected in India has to be supported by expansion of civic infrastructure. Civil engineering is essential to the maintenance of everyday facilities and basic resources. By becoming a civil engineer, you can contribute to the crucial development and maintenance of public works.