Genetic Engineering - Career, Courses, Colleges and Salary
There are a lot of career prospects in Genetic Engineering today; Image Courtesy: authorstream.com
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Genetic Engineering, in simple words, is a laboratory technique used by scientists to change the DNA (Deoxy ribo Nucleic Acid) of living organisms.
This wonderful branch of engineering or science enables the human minds to interfere in and modify the processes of life, birth death and even offers escape from certain congenital diseases. There is great scope in this field as the demand for genetic engineers is growing both in India and abroad.
Genetic engineers/scientists re-arrange the sequence of DNA in gene using artificial methods. The work involves extracting the DNA out of one organism, changing it using chemicals or radiation and subsequently putting it back into the same or a different organism.
For e.g. genes and segments of DNA from one species is taken and put into another species. They also study how traits and characteristics are transmitted through the generations, and how genetic disorders are caused. Their research involves researching the causes and discovering potential cures if any.
The specializations in genetic engineering are related to plants, animals and human beings. The plant genetic engineering involves improving certain natural characteristics of value, viz. increase resistance to disease or damage and to develop new characteristics etc.
It is used to change the colour, size, texture etc of plants otherwise known as GM (Genetically Modified) foods. GE in humans can be to correct severe hereditary defects by introducing normal genes into cells in place of missing or defective ones.
Genetic engineering is a complicated and most sophisticated branch of science which is still in a process of development in our country.
- An individual aspiring for a career in genetic engineering can start the BTech course after his/her 10+2 Science with Physics, Chemistry, Maths and Biology.
- Admission to B.Tech in Genetic Engineering/Biotechnology/ Biochemical Engineering is made generally through entrance tests. SRM University offers a B.Tech program in Biotechnology with a specialization in Genetic Engineering.
- One can also pursue three-year B.Sc degree course in Genetics / Biological Science / Life Science / Biotechnology subjects and then go for post graduation (MSc) in genetics.
- One who desires for further study and research can pursue M.Tech and PhD in genetic engineering offered by few institutes in India including the IITs.
Biocon is one of the leading pharmaceutical companies in India and a great career choice for genetic engineers; Image Courtesy: thehindubusinessline.com
Career and Job Prospects
In India, there are several sectors that give employment to genetic engineers and professionals so a career in genetic engineering is promising.
- Medical Industry
- Agricultural sector
- Research and Development Departments of Government, Semi-Government and Private Sectors.
- Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Industries
These industries offer the best career opportunities to genetic engineers and professionals with handsome salaries apart from other perks and benefits.
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The salary of genetic engineers is generally high as compared to other frontier branches of engineering and science. A fresh graduate in genetic engineering can get monthly salary between Rs 30, 000 – Rs 35, 000. The pay-package in foreign countries is very high as compared to India.
There are many Indian and multinational companies in biotech sector located in India and abroad offering quite good employment opportunities to genetic engineering professionals and scientists.
Salaries earned by professionals in these firms generally range from Rs.20, 000 to 30,000 per month. However, in the USA and European countries pay package is much higher due to complexity of job and shortage of trained professionals.
Genetic engineering professionals working in government laboratories and research centres get good salary apart from other perks and benefits.
One can also work in research labs located in foreign countries which provide huge remuneration as compared to India.
SRM University in Chennai, Tamil Nadu is one of the top ranked universities for engineering courses including genetic engineering; Image Courtesy: pracharwala.com
Top 9 Colleges/Institutes for Genetic Engineering 2017
|1||SRM University Chennai||Tamil Nadu|
|2||Bharath University Chennai||Tamil Nadu|
|3||Aryabhatta Knowledge University Patna||Bihar|
|4||Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research B'lore||Karnataka|
|5||Mahatma Jyoti Rao Phoole University Jaipur||Rajasthan|
|6||Bharath Institute of Science and Technology Chennai||Tamil Nadu|
|7||Indian Institute of Science B'lore||Karnataka|
|9||Madurai Kamaraj University||Tamil Nadu|
State Wise List of Engineering Colleges