Criminology as a subject tries to throw light on complex issues related to crime and criminal justice. By making use of tools of criminology, and different schools of criminology, criminologists try to delve deep into various questions like:
- Who commits crimes and why?
- How does society respond to a crime in general and to a criminal in particular?
- How is the intensity of a crime measured?
Criminologists find out ways to understand the nature and impact of behavioural and social problems which alleviate crimes. Criminologists work towards formulating policy making for juvenile justice, drug addiction, cyber crimes, violence, crime prevention, indigenous justice, and organised crimes.
The other areas of interest in this field include:
- Prevention of crime
- Crime statistics
- Criminal behaviour
- Evaluation of criminal justice agencies
- Sociology of law
- Criminal careers and its desistance
Criminology Eligibility Criteria
Education Requirements: Plenty of Indian universities and colleges offer courses in criminology both at undergraduate and post graduate levels.To obtain a degree in criminology you must have a background in either science or arts.
Training Programs: Degree and Post Graduate courses in Criminology/Criminology and Correctional Management/Criminology and Forensic Science are offered by various institutions in India.
Degree holders can also opt for the one year diploma or two year postgraduate diploma course in Criminology.There are also specialised courses in criminologyfor those who have graduated in law.
A typical course in criminologywould include subjects like criminal law, juvenile delinquency, basics of criminology, etc.
Criminology Career Prospects
Experts in criminology can find jobs as probation officers, jailors, social welfare officers, counsellors,etc. They can also get into crime fightingorganisations like the CBI, IB etc. or work in rehabilitation centres, juvenile homes and voluntary organisations. If a career in criminology is what you aspire for you'll find plenty of job opportunities.
Those who have specialised training in forensic science can seek employment in forensic labs or in the forensic department of crime fighting units.
Self-employment is possible as a private detective. Insurance Companies as well as some corporate houses employ investigating officers to ascertain the bonafides of a client.
Criminology Institutes & Training
Aligarh - 202 002 (U.P.)
- Aligarh Muslim University (AMU)
Waltair, Visakhapatnam - 530 003 (A.P.)
- Andhra University
- Dr. Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya
Sagar, Madhya Pradesh - 470 003
Navrangpura, Ahmedabad - 380 009
- Gujarat University
Pavate Nagar, Dharwad - 3
- Karnataka University
Varanasi - 221 002 (U.P.)
- Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith
- Nagpur University
Sector - 14, Chandigarh - 160 014
- Punjab University
Deonar, Mumbai - 400 088
- Tata Institute of Social Sciences
Chepauk, Chennai - 600 005 Tamil Nadu
- University of Madras
Vanivihar, Bhubaneshwar - 751 004 (Orissa)
- Utkal University
Institutions offering courses in Criminology for those who have completed LLB:
Jammu Twai - 180 004
- University of Jammu
Lucknow - 226 007 (U.P.)
- University of Lucknow
Ganeshkind, Pune - 411 007 (Maharashtra)
- University of Pune
Jaipur - 302 004
- University of Rajasthan