What is Molecular Biology

molecular biology


Molecular Biology is the branch of Biology that deals with the study of the structure and function of living systems at the molecular level. The branch focuses mainly on DNA, RNA, Protein Synthesis and their regulatory mechanism. A molecular biologist aims to understand the functions of cells at molecular level.

The academic programs include instruction on the molecular basis of gene regulation in microbial and animal cells, the biological features of different types of micro-organisms, the molecular basis for animal development, the structure of animal cells and the functions of their internal organelles, the molecular basis for cancer and other diseases, the interaction of animal cells with micro-organisms and viruses, and the application of recombinant DNA techniques to problems in basic science and biotechnology.

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Molecular Biology Eligibility Criteria

The programs in Molecular Biology are offered mainly at post-graduation level. A candidate would be eligible to pursue MSc in Molecular Biology if he/she has studied Biology at the Intermediate and Graduation Level. A B.Sc. in Genetics, Microbiology, Zoology or Botany also fulfill the eligibility criteria of pursuing M.Sc in Molecular Biology.

In order to be eligible for carrying out research work in the field, one must qualify the CSIR-UGC-NET exam or ICMR JRF examination with Life Science. Engineering or B.Pharm graduates with Biotechnology as a subject of study, having qualified in GATE examination with a minimum of 85 percentile may also apply for award of Research Fellowship subject to their qualifying in the written test/interview.

What are the career prospects of a Molecular Biologist?

Since Molecular Biology is a rare field of Science, hence competition is expected to be less as compared to other fields of basic and applied sciences. However, the career is challenging and rewarding. Those who have sufficient interests and relevant academic qualification can only make a career in Molecular Biology.

Molecular and Cell Biologists find employment opportunities in research labs established by Government of India or in the R&D departments of various private drug companies. They can work on developing therapeutic drugs to working on stem cell research and in many other areas within the medical development field.

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A molecular and cell biologist may find themselves working on research that involves cloning, sub cloning, synthetic RNA transcription, gene expression, cell growth and development, cell and organelle structure and assembly, and DNA dynamics and chromosome structure, and other types of laboratory work.

Recording and analyzing various types of data are important parts of working as a molecular and cell biologist. Proper application of research to solve health problems and cure diseases will also be an option for molecular and cell biologists.

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How much money can a Molecular Biologist make?

The salary of Molecular Biologists is satisfying both in government and private sectors. However, private companies working on research and development (R&D) for drug development offer more salaries and benefits to the professionals. The average monthly salary varies between Rs 15, 000- Rs 30, 000.

Molecular Biology Institutes/Universities

The following institutes/universities in India are either offering academic programs or carrying out research work in the field of Molecular Biology.

  • The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda

  • University of Madras
    Courses Offered: Molecular Biology as an interdisciplinary subject at post-graduation level.

  • G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology

  • University of Delhi
    Courses Offered: MSc/MPhil/PhD in Plant Molecular Biology

  • Jawaharlal University, New Delhi
    Courses Offered: Direct PhD and Pre PhD in Molecular Medicine

  • Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology
    Thycaud PO, Poojappura
    Thiruvananthapuram - 695 014
    Kerala, India
    Phone: +91- 471-2341716, 2347975, 2348104, 2348753, 2345899
    Fax: + 91- 471-348096
    Email: rgcbnet@sancharnet.in, disc@rgcb.res.in
    Website: http://rgcb.res.in/

  • Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology
    Hyderabad, AP
    Phone 040-27160222-31, 27160232-41 (India)
    Phone: +91-40- 27160222-31, 27160232-41 (International)
    Website: http://www.ccmb.res.in

  • Institute of Microbial Technology
    Sector 39-A, Chandigarh - 160036 (INDIA)
    PH: +91-172-2695215, 2695225, 2636680 - 94 (15 Lines)
    Fax: +91-172-2690632 (Administration), +91-172-2690585 (Director)
    Website: http://www.imtech.res.in/

  • Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants
    P.O. - CIMAP, Near Kukrail Picnic Spot, Lucknow - 226 015, India
    Tel: +91-522-2359623
    Fax: +91-522-2342666
    E-mail: director@cimap.res.in
    Website: http://www.cimap.res.in/

  • International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
    ICGEB Campus, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg
    110 067 New Delhi, INDIA
    Tel: +91-11-26741358, 361, 2360, 357
    Fax: +91-11-26742316
    Website: http://www.icgeb.trieste.it

  • Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research
    Jakkur, Bangalore-560 064, India
    Ph: 91-80-22082900
    Fax: 91-80-22082766.
    E-mail: academic@jncasr.ac.in
    Website: http://www.jncasr.ac.in/

  • National Botanical Research Institute
    Rana Pratap Marg,
    Post Box No. 436,
    Lucknow-226 001, U.P, India
    Tel: +91-0522-2205831-35, Ext- 208, 209
    Fax: +91-0522-2205673
    Website: http://www.nbri-lko.org/

  • National Centre for Cell Sciences
    NCCS Complex, University of Pune Campus
    Ganeshkhind, Pune 411007, Maharashtra, India
    Phone: +91-20-25708000
    Fax: +91-20-25692259
    Gram: ATCELL
    Website: http://www.nccs.res.in/

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