IT education and careers in India: We have the technology

Whether you're finding a new restaurant using a mobile application or updating your status on your favorite social-media site, computing technology has become engrained in our lives.

You can see then how understanding this technology and the systems on which it runs could be valuable. If you like working with computers and want to learn more about software and hardware, a career in information technology (IT) could be right for you. IT gives you the chance to design, develop and manage the complex computer-based information systems our world depends on.

India's IT industry is quite robust and continues to see growth. According to the India Brand Equity Foundation (IEBF), the industry is on pace to be worth US$225 billion by the year 2020. IT has been a strong contributor to the country's socio-economic prosperity, and is expected to add 230,000 new jobs in 2012 alone.

Much of the IT industry in India is active in the business process outsourcing sector. IEBF states that foreign companies prefer to outsource their IT needs to India due to its combination of skilled workers and competitive costs. India's biggest IT companies include Tata Consultancy Services, Infosys, Wipro and HCL Technologies, and some of the country's major technology hubs are Chennai, Hyderabad, Delhi, Mumbai and Bangalore, which is widely known as "The Silicon Valley of India."

What are some of my IT educational options?

You can consider a broad range of post-secondary information technology studies in India. You could pursue many IT-related undergraduate degrees, with each usually taking 3 to 5 years to complete. Depending on the area of IT you wish to specialize in, here are some options:
  • Bachelor of Computer Applications
  • Bachelor of Science in Hardware & Networking
  • Bachelor of Science in Information Technology
  • Bachelor of Technology (IT)
India has several public university systems dedicated to technology education, as well as the Indian Institutes of Information Technology. At the Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad, you can earn a four-year Bachelor of Technology in Information Technology.

Depending on the institution and its programmes, you could take classes on topics ranging from fundamentals like math and physics to more advanced subjects like computer networking, data structures, network security, computer programming and artificial intelligence. IT professionals may seek additional post-graduate studies in the form of master's or doctoral degrees. You can also pursue certificate programmes targeting a particular aspect of IT.

These are just a few of the many choices you have when looking into an IT education. With so many colleges and institutes offering computer-related education, take your time to make sure you find the best one for you.

What kinds of careers could I find in the IT industry?

Information technology is a huge industry, and while it's possible to have a solid grasp on the subject as a whole, you'll likely find yourself specializing in one of several sub-fields, such as:

Hardware-focused careers:
  1. Desktop support specialist
  2. IT security professional
  3. Network support engineer
  4. Server/system administrator
Software-focused careers:
  1. Application developer
  2. Database designer
  3. E-commerce specialist
  4. Software engineer
India's Department of Electronics and Information Technology has put out a list of several emerging technology fields, many of which may need skilled IT workers in the future, such as m-commerce, digital preservation and perception engineering.

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