Energy is a crucial element of everyday life, and a future where energy is secure requires balance between environmental impact and affordable supply. Petroleum and geo-systems engineers strive to address and solve these issues. Petroleum engineering overlaps with other fields like mechanical, chemical and civil engineering. Petroleum engineers use advanced computers and technology, not only to explore and analyze data, but also on the field, such as in the automation of oilfield production. They have a future full of challenges and must develop and devise new techniques to recover the oil left underground after producing it. Some assignments may encounter political, economic and technological problems and must be handled with care.
It is divided into two sectors, namely upstream and downstream. The latter deals with refining, marketing and distributing the petroleum products, while the former deals with exploration, discovery, production and exploitation of oil and natural gases. Graduates can find careers as petroleum geologists, reservoir engineers, production engineers, drilling engineers, petroleum technologists, process engineers, petro-physicists or geo-sciences pressure experts.
Topics covered in Petroleum Engineering
Petroleum engineering is generally a four-year course divided into eight semesters.
- The first two semesters have subjects regarding engineering in general and fundamentals of different streams.
- Students learn about topics such as mechanics of solids, theory of machines, mathematics, drilling fluids and cements, fluid mechanics and geology for petroleum engineers in the third semester.
- In the fourth semester, students may learn about elements of production engineering, elements of reservoir engineering, drilling technology, environmental aspects in oils and allied industries, numerical and statistical methods and surveying.
- Subjects taken in the fifth semester could include thermodynamics of petroleum reservoir fluids, petroleum production operation and environmental management, applied electrical engineering, sedimentary and petroleum geology, fluidization engineering and petroleum and its products.
- The sixth semester may cover subjects like drilling system design and directional drilling, petroleum formation evaluation, natural gas engineering, internal combustion engines, objects-oriented programming and advanced numerical methods, and petroleum refining and petrochemicals.
- In the seventh semester, students may have subjects such as petroleum engineering design, onshore and offshore drilling, instrumentation and control, petroleum exploration by geophysical methods, petroleum exploration by geological methods, and packaging oils-fats and allied products.
- The eighth semester might cover subjects like applied petroleum reservation engineering and management, surface operation for oil and gas production, oil-gas well testing and enhanced oil recovery, pipeline engineering, advanced quality control techniques and bio-technology of oils and fats.
Colleges offering Petroleum Engineering Courses
Some colleges that offer courses such as the Bachelor of Engineering (B.E.) or Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in Petroleum Engineering are given below:
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|1||Academy of Maritime Education and Training (AMET University)|
|2||Aryabhatta Knowledge University|
|4||Dehradun Institute of Technology|
|5||Maharashtra Institute of Technology - Pune|
|6||Rajasthan Technical University - Kota|
|7||Rajiv Gandhi College of Engineering|
|8||University of Technology and Management|
Programs are subject to change, it is advisable to check directly with a school for current program availability.