How to get Admission to various Engineering colleges in India
The field of engineering has always been looked upon by both parents and students as the perfect career choice. The branch of study is strongly backed by science and technology and is essentially concerned with the designing and building of machines, engines and structures. It holds the essence of working around to develop something meaningful, and assist humans in various tasks.
To seek admissions in reputed engineering colleges, students start preparing during the last years of their school education itself. Many of them seek IIT JEE Coaching, to crack the entrance examination to some of the most reputed Engineering colleges of the country. There are several other exams, opening channels to admission in thousands of engineering colleges spread across the country.
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Overview of Engineering Entrance Exams
Gone are the days when IIT-JEE and AIEEE were few of the only exams that engineering aspirants prepared for. We take a look at some of the most-taken engineering exams in the country today.
For Admissions to IITs, IISc, NITs, IIITs, ISM, and other CFTIs
Students who aspire to appear in this examination, find it pretty challenging to focus on their board exams. The biggest challenge is to study for IIT JEE and the board exams which are all timed around the same period. If you are lucky to study in a school that provides IIT JEE preparation based teaching methodologies in 10th and 12th standards, you will get an opportunity to training and test preparations for both the board and the competitive exams simultaneously. If not, it is important to take initiative and study for the exam, well ahead of time. Of course both the exams hold due significance and require different levels of effort and channels of preparations.
- 75% in 12th boards or within the top 20 percentile in 12th boards for GEN category candidates
- 65% in 12th boards for students from other categories
The exam is conducted in two different phases:
- Conducted in both offline/online modes, for admissions to B.E/B.Tech courses in associated institutes
- Conducted only through offline modes, for admission to B.Arch/B. Planning
- As per statistics, while more than 12 lac students appear for JEE Mains, only around 2 lac reach to the next level.
- This phase of the JEE comprises of Paper 1 and Paper 2, both spanning 3 hours each and conducted through the offline mode.
This is what brings to fore the level of competitiveness desired by JEE, while highlighting the need for JEE preparation, in a strategized manner. Amongst the above mentioned institutes, IITs, IISc and RGPIT offer admissions on the basis of JEE advanced rankings. While, NITs and IIITs offer admissions to the students, who fail to qualify for JEE Advanced. On the basis of their JEE Mains rankings.
This is an online admission test conducted by The Birla Institute of Technology and Science. Those who qualify the same are allowed admissions to engineering degree courses at BITS, across its all three campuses at Pilani, Goa and Hyderabad.
The exam seems on the same lines and standards as the IIT JEE, wherein lakhs of aspirants fight for around 2,000 seats in the different BE (hons.) programmes. Thereby aspirants can induct themselves in different coaching classes on the lines of JEE preparation.
- 75% aggregate in PCM in class 12th board exams
- Minimum 60% in each subject separately
- Candidates must be proficient in English
During the course of the three hour online exam, the Institute also tests students on their English proficiency and Logical Reasoning, apart from their aptitude in PCM.
Applicants are awarded three marks for every correct answer, while a negative marking of one mark, for every wrong answer.
The exam stands for VIT Engineering Entrance Examination, conducted by the Vellore Institute of Technology for admissions to its engineering degree courses. The institute has two campuses, at Vellore and Chennai.
While, the college offers near about 5000 seats in its engineering courses, across different campuses, more than 2 lack students compete for the same every year.
Most students seek dedicated IIT JEE coaching to prepare for such competitive exams. Such exposure allows them to learn tips and tricks to save their time during the examination and solve problems quickly. They also learn to prioritize questions and attempt what they are thorough at, in the beginning.
- 60% aggregate in PCM for students from all over India
- 50% aggregate in PCM for students from North East and J&K
The Institute conducts a 2.5 hours online exam, which comprises of 40 questions each on Physics, Chemistry, and Math. The latest addition to the exam is through the introduction of an English section, which comprise of only 5 questions. Thereby taking the total number of questions to 125, which carry one mark each and no negative marking for wrong attempts.
This is the engineering entrance examination, conducted by Manipal University for admissions to Manipal Institute of Technology and other affiliated institutes.
- While the university makes it mandatory for aspirants to have completed their 10+2 with Physics and Mathematics, Chemistry is an optional subject
- They must have achieved a minimum of 50% in Physics and Mathematics, along with the optional subject of Chemistry
The university conducts MU-OET for 2.5 hours, wherein it covers the sections of Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics with 50, 50, and 70 questions respectively. An additional section on English and General Aptitude comprise of 30 questions.
Further selection process requires students to qualify in the MU OET with a minimum of 50% marks and a good rank.
This entrance examination is conducted by the SRM University for admissions to the UG courses in Engineering, across its different campuses in Kattankulathur, Ramapuram, Ramapuram Part II -- Vadapalani, and NCR Ghaziabad.
Every year close to 1.7 lac students appear for SRM JEE and compete for just about 7000 seats across these four campuses.
Given such cut throat competition, it is advisable that students align their plans on the lines of IIT JEE preparation, quite early. This will help them achieve good ranks in such entrance exams and choose an institute and a course of their liking.
- Candidates must have cleared their 10+2 boards with a 70% aggregate in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics
The exam comprise of 35 questions each on Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics, with three marks for each correct answer. While, a negative marking of one mark for each wrong answer.
The exam is conducted both in online and offline modes, as per the requirements of the applicants
Applicants need to adopt a focused approach to prepare for the above mentioned engineering entrance examinations. All of these open doors to the best engineering institutes in the country. Students need to align their 100% efforts towards JEE preparation, for achieving best results in these entrance exams.
Subject-Wise Preparation Tips
It is imperative that students preparing for the abovementioned entrance examinations focus on each and every subject. However, it is always advisable to observe the past trends and strategize for JEE preparation accordingly. They can refer to the past exam patterns of at least two years for IIT JEE, UPTU, MU OET etc., and focus on the same.
These entrance exams are not easy to crack and students have to level- up their preparation for each subject- Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. While most of the syllabus for all these entrance exams and specially for IIT JEE preparation are covered in school, students have to refer other books and study materials to make their concepts clear. All the entrance exams follow different exam pattern and have some changes in the syllabus. Students are required to refer to the paper pattern and syllabus for each exam and make a winning strategy for the exam. This will allow students to save precious time during the exam and in turn, help them attend maximum questions.
The subject holds prominence in all engineering entrance examinations and is focused on the smallest form of matter, energy, and the kinds of interactions they have amongst. This is the most important subject for students who decide to pursue engineering. It consists of technical aspects and gives basic knowledge of the topics that would be part of engineering subjects. Thus students are supposed to make their concepts clear and for that, they can refer to NCERT books in addition to the core books of Physics. Once they are clear with the basic concepts, students can refer to books with higher difficulty, which have complex problems. After studying a particular topic, they should solve problems related to that topic, which will help them in understanding the formulae and concepts in a better way. For getting used to a variety of problems, students can refer multiple books of Physics. Focal areas being Mechanics, Modern Physics, Electrodynamics, Optics, and Thermodynamics.
- Students need to go through the past year question papers to analyse and decipher the most important topics and the weightage accorded to each of them
- The most prominent topics and recurring questions need to be marked in ‘red’ for quick revision every time
Topic Wise Focus:
- Mechanics seem to be a favourite amongst the examiners. Within the gamut, the trends highlight questions from Gravitation, Fluids and Errors and Measurements
- Modern Physics, Ray and Wave Optics are also other important topics
- A significant percentage of questions come in from topics like Heat & Thermodynamics, Magnetism etc.
- Concepts of Physics Volume I and II by HC Verma
- Fundamentals of Physics, by Halliday, Resnik and Walker
- New Simplified Physics: A Reference Book for XI and XII BY S.L Arora
- Problems in General Physics, by I.E. Irodov
Chemistry is a unique subject and some students find it tougher compared to Physics and Mathematics. It comprises of theory, equations, reactions, diagrams and formulae. Along with NCERT books for learning basic concepts, students should choose those books that make them understand the topics in an easier way. The periodic table has a bigger role to play and hence students should memorise it completely. This will help them save a lot of time during entrance exams. Students should study a topic and on the same day, they should solve the problems and equations related to that topic. This helps them remember the concepts and formulae in a significant manner. Students need to analyse past year trends to identify the important topics of the subject. They need to build strong concepts across physical, organic and inorganic chemistry.
- Students can analyse the past year paper patterns by defining the share of each segment
- They can identify repetitive questions and also the topics which seem to be the most neglected, in these entrance exams
- In this context, students can focus on all three segments of the subject in an equal manner with focus on topics like Chemical Kinetics, Nuclear Chemistry, Alkenes, Alkynes, Polymers, Carboxylic Acids etc. in Physical and Organic Chemistry. While, they can focus on Coordination Compounds, periodic properties of elements and chemical bonds under Inorganic Chemistry
- Concepts of Physical Chemistry for JEE:8TH Edition by P.Bahadur
- A New Pattern Textbook of Organic Chemistry for Competitions: 16th Edition by O.P Tandon
- A New Pattern Textbook of Inorganic Chemistry for Competitions by O.P Tandon
- NCERT Books for Class XI and XII
Mathematics is an interesting subject as it has only problems to solve. Students just have to understand the concepts and learn to use different formulae for different problems. After understanding the concepts and formulae, students are supposed to practice the problems on a regular basis. They can refer the syllabus and connect multiple topics so that they can understand those topics better. On regularly solving the problems, students can create their own shortcut methods, which will help them solve the problems faster during entrance exams.
These subject- wise tips will help students make a strategy to study each subject. Students should concentrate more on weaker topics and subjects, and allocate more time to them.
- Differential Calculus, Coordinate Geometry, Integral Calculus, and Vector Analysis are some of the most important topics in the subject.
- While other significant topics being Binomial Theorem, Statistics, Matrices and determinants
- IIT Mathematics for JEE (Main & Advanced) (Set of 2 Volumes) by M.L Khanna
- New Pattern JEE Mathematics of Arihant Publications by Dr. SK Goyal
- Higher Algebra by Hall Knight
Students can refer to the above mentioned books and in addition also refer to books for focused study on topics like Trigonometry, Coordinate Geometry etc.
General Tips to Streamline Your Preparation
The above mentioned exams are some of the top entrance exams in the country and are crucial to seeking admission in various associated engineering colleges in India. Students have to be focused right from the beginning to have a chance to beat other brilliant minds and fetch top rank in the entrance exams. This will give them a chance to get admission in their favourite college with the desired branch of engineering. To be successful in their engineering entrance exams, here are some tips that will also make them mentally stronger and sharper.
Make a Timetable
The main criterion for success in the entrance exams is the timetable. Students should make a timetable before beginning their preparation for entrance exams. Most entrance exams like IITJEE and BITSAT require students to prepare from the beginning of class XI. Once they make the timetable, they should stick to the routine and complete the syllabus as scheduled in the timetable. They have to make sure that all subjects are given equal time. They should also allocate time for mock tests and for sessions that can eliminate doubts they have.
As all three subjects are problem- oriented, it is crucial for students to practice problems on a regular basis. Once they have finished studying a topic, they should solve related problems and make their concepts clear. Practicing problems will also help them create shortcut methods to solve problems which in turn will help them save time during the exam.
Solving previous year papers
The best way to know the difficulty level of the exam is to refer and solve previous year papers. It will also help students know their level of preparation and time taken to solve the paper. On solving them regularly, students can learn time management and the pattern of the question paper. They will also get a rough idea on the number of questions asked in a particular topic.
Take Scheduled Breaks
Because of the intensity of preparation, it is necessary for students to take breaks. They can spend their break time doing a constructive activity like playing a sport or solving a puzzle, etc. that will refresh them. This will allow them to concentrate better when they restart studying and also some physical activity will keep their health in-check.
Reference and Study Materials
Students should be careful while choosing the study materials for specific entrance exam preparation. While NCERT books are the best for studying the basic concepts in all subjects. Other than that, students should select appropriate books for studying the complex concepts. They should refer limited books as multiple books might lead to confusion.
These preparation tips will definitely help students plan and prepare in a best possible way. As all the entrance exams have a different paper pattern, students have to refer the pattern and then prepare accordingly.
This is a Guest Post brought to you in collaboration with AskIITians an online coaching platform for IIT JEE, Medical and School entrance exams.