Reservation of seats in educational institutes of India is a law by which a given group of students are allowed concessions. This system is generally applied in government-aided educational institutes. The quota is given based on castes or region. In state level institutes, some seats are reserved for the regional students (of the same state). Again the reservation of seats for SC, ST, physically handicapped and sports person is compulsory in government aided educational institution whether it is a state or a national institute. The percentage of reservation in any govt. aided educational institute is generally 15% for SCs and 7.5% for STs. 3% seats are reserved for Persons with Disability (PWD) as per PWD Act 1995. A 27% quota for Other Backward Classes has been recently proposed which is under consideration by the Parliament of India.
Current reservation system in various institutes
Central government-funded higher education institutions: 22.5% for scheduled caste (dalit) and scheduled tribe (adivasi) students. HRD Minister Arjun Singh has proposed raising this to 49.5%, by including reservation for OBCs.
A quota of 22.5 % is reserved for the SC/ST students (15% for SC and 7.5% for ST candidates). 27% proposed quota for Other Backward Category is under consideration. But actually, a lot of seats in the reserved category remain vacant & actual figure of students are nearly 7% SC & 3.5% ST. The unfilled reserve seats are not filled by general category students.
Currently 50% seats are reserved for Chandigarh domiciles, earlier it was 80%.
A quota of 22.5 % is reserved for the SC/ST students (15% for SC and 7.5% for ST candidates). 27% proposed quota for Other Backward Classes is under consideration. 3% seats are reserved for Persons with Disability (PWD) as per PWD Act 1995.
14% reserved for SC, 8% for ST. In addition, SC/ST students with only 50% scores are eligible.
PG seats in Medical Colleges:
Some seats are reserved for graduates of the corresponding college. The same reservation policy is applicable to SCs and STs in medical colleges of the country.