Current Scenario of Science Education

Schooling of a child in India usually starts at the age of 3-4. All states follow a uniform academic system i.e. the 10+2 system or higher secondary. The curricula are either developed by the respective state boards/councils or by the national boards like the Central Board of secondary education (CBSE) or by Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE). All curricula are not the same; however, the basic knowledge of Science, including Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics is compulsory for every student till 10th grade.

After class 10th, a student may choose any of the available streams. In class 11th and 12th, those who take science, learn the basics of Applied Physics, Applied Chemistry, Plant and Animal Biology and/or Higher Math. After completion of Class 12, one can either take the conventional way i.e. do courses such as B.Sc and MSc or can opt for a professional career such as B.Tech and MBBS.

Looking at the quality and scope of Science education in India, the non uniformity in the system is quite visible. This may be due to various causes. One major cause is the socio-economic difference between rural and urban India. However, the state as well the union governments are in a constant endeavor to fill this gap up and to provide every citizen of the country quality as well as affordable education.

Higher education, particularly in science discipline is offered by universities and colleges located in various parts of the country. Majority of universities in India train a large number of graduate students. Due to issues like infrastructure, proper quality control of faculty, a majority of the students find it difficult to fine-tune themselves with the complexities of science education at this level. Weak understanding of the concepts results in Incompetence. The curriculum is robust in structure – but is very difficult in implementation. To overcome this situation, the government has been implementing various recommendations made by HRD Ministry and other organization like National Knowledge Commission.

Similarly, research activities in Science discipline have not yet gained much distinction. The government has established several research centers all over the country for carrying out research activities in a particular field. Also, universities through out the country have been assigned with various projects to perform research work. 

Creating enthusiasm among students to learn science is the most widespread activity in India being carried out at present. The government is popularizing the discipline by means of popular science articles, organizing lectures, through various scholarship schemes and through the establishment of science centers etc. Efforts in this direction have come from both individuals and from institutions. There are several organizations and institutions both public and private trying to change the scene of science education in India.

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