Education System in Russia
If you plan to pursue your higher education in Russia, it would be helpful to take a good look at the education system of Russia.
Russia has one of highest literacy rates in the world (99.7%) with more than half of its population having studied till the tertiary level. Such a high rate of literacy is due t0 the fact that education is compulsory for children till the age of 15.
Pre-Higher Education System in Russia
- Nursery school, or kindergarten (for children under 6)
- Primary school (1st to 4th grades, for age 6-9)
- Secondary school (5th to 9th grades, for age 10-14)
- High/Upper secondary school (10th and 11th grades), and higher education at a university.
Higher (Tertiary) or University Level Education in RussiaRussia has a long-standing tradition in high-quality education. It is one of the favorite study destinations among Indian students too for higher education. With many private and state universities, Russia is able to offer end number of courses to its students.
Apart from MBBS, Russian universities are now becoming popular among Indians for a variety of other courses like IT, management, oil & gas, aircraft engineering etc. Compared to other countries like UK and USA, the cost of living and fees structure in Russia is quite affordable, which is also one of the prime reasons that attract Indian students to Russian universities.
Higher Education Institutions in Russia
- Technical University
- Academy, University Level
- Institute, University Level
- College, Non-University Level Higher Education Institution
- Non-University Level Higher Education Institution
- Technical Institution
Entry Requirements For Russian Universities
Russia's top universities have very competitive entry requirements, and special entry exams are held each year. Applicants for advanced degrees (M.A./ M.Sc., Ph.D., D.Sc.) should have their prior degree in the same or a very similar field.Distance education is also offered by many Russian universities and provides courses for the public and for specific professional needs. However, such systems are usually less developed than in the US and other Western European countries.
The academic year starts from Sept 1 and ends in Mid June everywhere, with long summer vacations from July 1st to Aug 31.
Levels of Education in Russia
- The Bachelor Level
- The Master Level
- The PhD Level
The Bachelor Level: The Bachelor degree programmes last for at least 4 years of full-time university-level study. It is a graduate programme which includes professional and special courses in Science, the Humanities and Social-economic disciplines, professional training, completion of a research paper/project and passing State final exams. The Bachelor's degree is awarded in all fields except Medicine after defending a Diploma project prepared under the guidance of a supervisor and passing the final exams. In Medicine, the first stage lasts for six years. Hence, Bachelor degree holders are eligible to get admission in to the master degree courses.
The Master Level: A master degree is awarded after a successful completion of two years' full-time study. The Institutes / Universities offering higher education in Russia has a total enrollment of more than two million students. The staff of the various institutions include more than 16,250 doctors of science and about 8,70,000 candidates of science who, apart from lecturing, are active in the development of new scientific trends and advanced technology.
The PhD Level: Tomsk Polytechnic University and other Universities and colleges in Russia offer international students a wide range of Ph. D. programs. The training of well-qualified specialists for teaching and research lasts for 3 to 4 years and ends in the public defense of a Ph.D. thesis. All these are fulfilled under the guidance and supervision of leading university scientists. The minimum qualification for a PhD course is a master’s degree. The period of part-time or distant doctoral training is about 4 years.
Grading System in RussiaA five point grading system is in place in Russia which is followed consistently from primary to secondary to higher level of education. The grades are interpreted in the following manner:
"5" or "Excellent": This is the best possible grade, representing excellent knowledge in a given subject.)
"4" or "Good": A 4 means that your knowledge in the subject is good.
"3" or "Satisfactory": This is the passing grade and translates to fair/ satisfactory.
"2" or "Unsatisfactory": This grade is equivalent to the 1st level of failing, denoting minimum knowledge
"1" or "Poor": This is the lowest possible grade, equivalent to complete failure and is not given very often
Often a "+" or "–" are used to give more range to the grades. For instance 3+ is a better score than 3 but is not as good as 4- .