Nobel Prize Winners for the year 2002


Nobel Prize Winners for the Year 2002

Each 2002 Nobel Prize will amount to 10.0 million Swedish kronor (2001: MSEK 10.0). In other words the sum of the Nobel Prizes (Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature and Peace) will be MSEK 50.0. In addition, the Sveriges Riksbank (Bank of Sweden) Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel will amount to MSEK 10.0.

The Nobel Prize in Physics

"for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, in particular for the detection of cosmic neutrinos"

Raymond Davis Jr., USA

Masatoshi Koshiba, Japan

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"for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, which have led to the discovery of cosmic X-ray sources"

Riccardo Giacconi, USA

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry

"for the development of methods for identification and structure analyses of biological macromolecules"

"for their development of soft desorption ionisation methods for mass spectrometric analyses of biological macromolecules"

John B. Fenn, USA

Koichi Tanaka, Japan

"for his development of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy for determining the three-dimensional structure of biological macromolecules in solution"

Kurt Wüthrich, Switzerland

 

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

"for their discoveries concerning genetic regulation of organ development and programmed cell death"

Sydney Brenner, United Kingdom

H. Robert Horvitz, USA

John E. Sulston, United Kingdom

 
 

The Nobel Prize in Literature

 "for writing that upholds the fragile experience of the individual against the barbaric arbitrariness of history"

Imre Kertész, Hungary

 

The Nobel Peace Prize

"for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development"

Jimmy Carter Jr., USA
former President of United States of America

 

The Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciencesin Memory of Alfred Nobel

"for having integrated insights from psychological research into economic science, especially concerning human judgment and decision-making under uncertainty"

Daniel Kahneman, USA and Israel

"for having established laboratory experiments as a tool in empirical economic analysis, especially in the study of alternative market mechanisms"

Vernon L. Smith, USA

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