Seven Wonders of the World
The Seven Wonders of the world were first designated by Antipater of Sidon in the second century AD. Not all classical writers list the same items as the Seven Wonders of the world but most of them agree on the following:
The Pyramids of EgyptAre a group of three pyramids, Khufu, Khafra and Menkaura at Giza (near Cairo) to a southern limit 96 km distant are often called the first wonder of the world. The oldest of those is that of Zoser, at Saggara, built by about 2700 BC. The great pyramid of Cheops covers more than Egypt Pyramids 12 acres and was originally 146.61 meters (481 ft.) in height and 230.43*230.43 meters (756*756) at the base. Of all the seven wonders only Pyramids survive.
Hanging Gardens of BabylonAdjoining Nebuchadnezzar's palace, 96 km. south of Baghdad, the gardens were built in the 6th century BC. Terrace gardens ranging from 23 to 91 meters (75 to 300 Ft.) at the ground level, watered from storage tank on the highest terrace.
The Tomb of MausolusAt Halicacamassus, in Asia Minor. Built by the widowed queen Artemisia about 350 BC.
Tomb of Mausolus
The Temple of Diana at EphesusIonic temple erected about 350 BC in honor of a non-Hellenic goddess who later became identified with Greek goddess of the same name. The temple with ionic columns 18 meters high, was destroyed during an earthquake in 224 BC.
The Colossus of RhodesA bronze statue of Apollo, set up about 280 BC. According to legend it stood at the harbour entrance of sea port of Rhodes. It was destroyed during an earthquake in 224 BC.
The Statue of Jupiter Olympus
At Olympia in the plain of Ellis constructed of Marble inlaid with ivory and gold by the sculptor Phidias, about 430 BC. All trace of it has been lost, except for reproduction on coins.
The Pharos of AlexandriaA marble watch tower and lighthouse on the island of Pharos on the harbor of Alexandria, built by Sostratus of Cnidus during the 3rd century BC. It was destroyed by an earthquake in the 13th century.
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