Career in Dairy Farming
India is the largest milk producer and the second largest milk products producer in the world. There is, therefore, plenty of opportunity in dairy farming careers in the country.
Undergraduate course applicants require a minimum 10+2 Science with Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics, Biology and English and with a minimum aggregate of 55 %. Selection is on the basis of an All India Entrance Examination.
The B.Sc/ B.Tech (Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry) are four year program after 10+2; the Dairy Diploma course of two years duration is for lower level technical positions.
After graduating in dairying, candidates can opt for further studies and specialization through a Master program in Dairying, or related areas such as genetics and breeding, livestock production, animal biotechnology, food technology, and preservation.
The two main areas of activity in the Dairy Industry include
a) Production, which begins with the most important task of all, i.e. obtaining milk, and also the breeding of high yielding cattle and taking care of the animals. Veterinary Scientists are usually best suited for such jobs.
They are appointed as Procurement Officers and have to visit villages in order talk to farmers and influence them to sell their milk. Dairy scientists conduct experiments to determine the effects of different kinds of feeds and environmental conditions on the quantity, quality and nutritive value of milk produced. They also conduct research in areas of breeding, feeding and management of dairy cattle.
b) Processing involves handling milk for distribution, its conversion into dairy products. This work normally begins after the milk has reached the plant. Here, milk is converted into a variety of dairy products, such as cheese, chocolates, ice cream, butter ghee and so on.
Dairy Technologists deal with this aspect of the industry, and also work to further develop improved methods in production, preservation and utilisation of milk, and milk products.
Dairy farming also engages services of dairy engineers, who are responsible for the setting up and maintenance of dairy plants and related activities; and marketing personnel who handle the marketing and sales of milk and milk products.
Employment Opportunities in Dairy Farming
Employment opportunities exist in both government and private sectors. The National Dairy Development Board (NDDB), a multi-locational organisation involved in planning, implementing, financing and supporting farmer-owned professional agri-business enterprises is the core PSU in this field. However, with almost every state aping Amul’s ‘cooperative’ success, employment opportunities have increased manifold for technologists and managers, both in production and marketing.
With the entry of multinational giants like Nestle, Cadburys, Britannia, Kellogg's, Heritage Foods, KFC, HLL, etc. into the Indian market, employment opportunities as well as salaries have received a further boost.
Traditional Indian market leaders like Mother Dairy, Indana, Milkfood, Amul, Dalmia, Dabur, Cadburys, Vadilal, Parag, Vijaya and Milkfed (Verka) are also modernising and diversifying their operations and exploring non-traditional channels to boost demand.
For young individuals looking at a career away from the hurly-burly of urban life, dairy farming could be one of the most attractive choices available.
Dairy Farming Institutes & Training
Dairy farming colleges offer both degree and diploma dairy farming courses in India, covering technology and management. Admissions into the four year courses are largely merit-based; and some courses might last only two and a half years. Post graduation, a Master’s degree course can be pursued in related agricultural fields, veterinary science, engineering and food tech. You must clear the entrance exam for admission into these courses as well.
The specialisations cover:
- Dairy technology
- Dairy chemistry
- Dairy microbiology
- Dairy engineering
- Dairy extension education
- Food technology
- Genetics and breeding
- Dairy quality control
- Animal biotechnology
- Livestock production and management
- Dairy production
You can seek these specialisations at:
- Gujarat Agricultural University, Gujarat
- Rajasthan Agricultural University, Bikaner University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore
- West Bengal University of Animal & Fishery Sciences, Kolkata
Of course, you may choose to go into teaching instead, or perhaps a research field. You’ll need a Ph.D. for that though, and yes, you’ll have to clear yet another entrance exam.
Some of the prominent institutions offering courses in dairy technology are:
- National Dairy Research Institute (Deemed University)
Phone (Office): 0184-2252800, 2259002
(Residence): 0184-2253004; 2271612; 2259406
- National Dairy Research Institute, Bangalore.
- Sheth MC College of Dairy Sciences, Anand, Gujarat.
- Dairy Science Institute, Aarey Milk Colony, Bombay
- College of Dairy Sciences, Udaipur, Rajasthan
- Veterinary College, Hebbal, Karnataka