What different types of undergraduate medical degrees can I take?

medical degree

There are various medical degrees available to secondary school graduates in India, ranging from a Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS), to a Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine, to a Dental Diploma, and so on. Here you will find many possible undergraduate medical degree programs, the length of each program, the average cost, and each program’s requirements.

In India, medical education and its accreditation is monitored and controlled by the Medical Council of India (MCI). This is an organization that makes sure that all medical schools - the institutions that provide medical education to students in India - are following the same rules and guidelines, are maintaining the same admission and completion requirements, and are providing the same standard of quality to its students. 
Apart from the field of Medicine, the other medical apex bodies in India in the fields of dentistry and pharmacy are the Dental Council of India (DCI) and the Pharmacy Council of India (PCI).

The undergraduate medical degrees available in India are as follows:

Undergraduate Degree/DiplomaFull Title of Degree/DiplomaDurationCostMinimum Requirements
MBBSBachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery5.5 yearsFrom Rs. 332-970, up to 2-3 lakhAge: 17
HSC/10+2: PCBE 50%
Entrance Exam
BDSBachelor of Dental Sciences5 yearsUp to 10-12 lakh at private institute; cheaper in govt instituteAge: 17
HSC/10+2: PCBE 50%
Entrance Exam
BHMSBachelor of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery5.5 yearsRs. 36,000 up to Rs.2-3 lakhAge: 17
HSC/10+2: PCB 50%
Entrance Exam
DHMSDiploma in Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery4 yearsVaries based on institutionAge: 17
HSC/10+2: PCB 50%
Entrance Exam
BAMSBachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery5.5 yearsVaries; Rs. 24,000 at Indian Medical Care Institute in New DelhiAge: 17
HSC/10+2: PCB 50%
Entrance Exam
BUMSBachelor in Unani Medicine5.5 yearsVaries based on institutionAge: 17
HSC/10+2: PCBE 50% or passed Pre-Tib 1-year Exam
Passed Urdu, Entrance Exam, Certificate of passing 8th class examination in Hindi
BVSc & AHBachelor of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry5 yearsVaries based on institutionAge: 17
HSC/10+2: PCBE 50%
Pass All India Pre-Veterinary Test
Entrance Exam
B.Pharm.Bachelor of Pharmacy4.5 yearsVaries based on institutionAge: 17
HSC/10+2: PCB 50%
Entrance Exam
D.Pharm.Diploma of Pharmacy2 yearsVaries based on institutionAge: 17
HSC/10+2: CPB/M 40%
Entrance Exam
BOTBachelor of Occupational Therapy4.5 yearsVaries based on institutionAge: 17
HSC/10+2: CPB/Botany & Zoology 45-50%
Entrance Exam
Interview
BMLTBachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology3-4 yearsVaries; Rs. 61,800 at S.S. Institute of Medical Sciences Management Technology & Research in AgraAge: 17
HSC/10+2: Science 50%
Pre-University Vocational course with Lab Tech as vocational subject
BPTBachelor of Physiotherapy4.5 yearsVaries; Rs. 60,000 at Indian Institute of Health Education & Research in Patna;  Rs. 2 lakh at Arihant Institute of Paramedical SciencesAge: 17
HSC/10+2: PCBE 45-50%
Entrance Exam
B.Sc. NursingBachelor of Science in Nursing4 yearsAbout Rs. 60,000- 2,00,000Age: 17
HSC/10+2: PCBE 45%, Entrance Exam
BNYSBachelor of Naturopathy and Yogic Sciences5.5 yearsVaries; Rs.45,000 annually (Sant Hirdaram Medical College, Bhopal) - Rs.1 lakh annually (JSS Institute, Coimbatore)Age: 17-22
HSC/10+2 with 50% in PCB

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